Castel del Monte was built in 1240 by Frederick II of Hohenstaufen of Swabia, as an expression of the multi-faceted personality of enlightened ruler.

A perfect synthesis between science, mathematics and art, the Castle has been described as “petrification of an ideology of power, manifest of royalty”.

The number eight and the octagonal shape are characteristic elements of the castle.

Although lacking some of the elements typical of medieval military architecture, such as the moat, Castel del Monte, played an important role as a link between the defensive line and the coastal hinterland.

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